Senior Citizen's Guide to Pittsburgh 15 Article Health Traditional vs. Multifocal/ Laser Cataract Surgery Under most insurance plans, you can select any surgeon to perform your cataract surgery. With new innovations in cataract surgery, selecting the right surgeon is important. With today’s innovative technology, cataract surgery can not only restore vision, but actually improve a patient’s quality of life. Traditional vs. Multifocal/Laser Cataract Surgery. Traditional cataract surgery , which is covered by Medicare and other insurances, involves the implantation of a single-vision lens, which provides good distance vision but most often results in patients wearing glasses for reading and close-up tasks. It also leaves patients with astigmatism, since the surgery doesn’t correct it. With laser cataract surgery , many key steps of the procedure that were manually performed can be completed with precision using the laser (including simultaneous correction of astigmatism, if needed), leading to a customized vision treatment and a more gentle procedure. With an implantation of a multi-focal lens , it provides vision for close-up, intermediate and distance. Surgeons with access to and experience in combining these technologies can offer patients a fine tuned, full range of vision, reducing the dependency on or even eliminating the need for eye glasses after surgery. Selecting a Surgeon. Cataract surgery has become a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity. When selecting a surgeon to perform cataract surgery, patients should ask these important questions: